The ancient Mexican city Teotihuacan is one of the most mysterious sites in the world. No one knows who built it, where they came from, or why it was built.
City Of The Gods
Teotihuacán means “City of the gods” and this site has been home to many different civilizations over thousands of years.
Teotihuacan was once a prominent stop on an important trade route between Central Mexico and what is now the Southwest US. This massive city covered about 20 square kilometers (8 square miles) with wide avenues lined by pyramids that still intrigue visitors today.
City Of Mystery
Teotihuacán is a city of mysterious origins and ancient secrets. Founded 2,500 years ago in 400 BCE, it grew rapidly starting in 100 BCE when survivors from Cuicuilco arrived after their city was destroyed by a volcanic eruption. About 500 CE Teotihuacán burnt and fell into ruin possibly due to insurrection and civil war.
One Of The Largest Cities In The World
Teotihuacán, located in central Mexico, was at its peak home to over 125,000 people and one of the largest and most important cities in the world at the time. The people of Teotihuacán had mastered construction on a grandiose scale not seen again until Rome & Constantinople.
This ancient metropolis served as both a religious center and economic powerhouse. The people not only produced goods but influenced the cultures around them through trade routes extending up into the present-day U.S.
The Buildings Of Teotihuacán
The ruins of Teotihuacán contain great plazas, temples, and two large pyramids; the pyramid of the Sun and the pyramid of the Moon. The main road running through these structures is known as Calle de los Muertos, ‘Avenue of the Dead’ runs for 1.5 miles and is 40 meters (130-feet) wide.
Teotihuacán’s most impressive structure is The Pyramid of the Sun. It towers over Teotihuacán at 66 meters (216 feet) and is 220 by 230 meters (720 by 760 fee) at its base. The Pyramid of the Moon is the northern end of the Avenue of the Dead. It is the largest structure after The Pyramid of the Sun at 43 meters (140 feet) with a base of 130 by 156 meters (426 by 511 feet) at its base.
The People Of Teotihuacán
The people of the city farmed and created goods made from ceramics and obsidian, such as weapons, tools, and ornamentation. Many of these objects as well as paintings and frescos are still intact. The city had many merchants, many of whom were not Teotihuacanos. The priest-rulers who governed the city also staged grand religious pageants and ceremonies that often involved human sacrifices. When the Aztecs came to this area they called the builder of Teotihuacan “The Ancient Ones”.